Saturday, July 11, 2020

U.S. Reminds China How ‘Real’ Aircraft Carriers Strike Groups Operate

Continuing its Pacific fleet show of force aimed at China, the US Navy this week is conducting its first dual aircraft carrier operational drills since 2018. After a months-long hiatus due to COVID-19, the US now has three carrier strike groups patrolling the Pacific.

China used the absence of US carriers in the region (other than the USS America amphibious assault ship with F-35 jets) to increase its menacing naval presence (RELATED: Major U.S. Naval Presence in Pacific Ruined China Narrative of Crippled U.S. Fleet).

China is also deploying its two new medium aircraft carriers in the South China Sea and around Taiwan and Japan (RELATED: China Quickly Launching New Amphibious Assault Aircraft Carriers).

Taiwan News has reported that China is planning to deploy its two new aircraft carriers – the Liaoning, China’s first aircraft carrier, and the Shandong, its latest – in waters near Taiwan in August as part of “war games to rehearse for a future assault on the Taiwan-controlled Dongsha Islands.”

Other sources note, however, that it is “unclear whether the two Chinese carriers will train together.”

According to a US Navy statement reported by Stars and Stripes, the USS Roosevelt and USS Nimitz strike groups plan to practice “air defense drills, sea surveillance, replenishments at sea, defense air combat training, long-range strikes, coordinated maneuvers and other exercises.” Unlike the Chinese People Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and its limited new carriers, the US Navy has a long history of operating multiple super carrier strike groups as a combined force in the Pacific.

SEE ALSO: Three Aircraft Carriers Strike Groups Now in Pacific

Dual-carrier operations act as “a powerful message of our commitment to regional security and stability as we protect the critically important rights, freedoms, and lawful uses of the sea for the benefit of all nations,” Nimitz Strike Group commander Rear Adm. James Kirk said in the statement.

Nevertheless, as noted by Stars and Stripes, these operations are relatively infrequent. This week’s drills mark “only the sixth time since 2001 that two carriers have operated together in the Western Pacific.” Dual-carrier operations generally occur when West Coast strike groups deployed to the Western Pacific can join strike groups coming from Japan, so the timing of these drills is important.

If China does deploy its two carriers together later this summer, this would be “more symbolic than substantive,” says Paul Buchanan, an American security analyst based in New Zealand, noting that Beijing doesn’t have a lot of experience in carrier operations.

“They are posturing quite heavily,” he said, adding that such an exercise would hone the crews’ operational experience. Still, the PLAN drills are a direct challenge to U.S. supremacy in the South China Sea, Buchanan added. “The U.S. moves its carriers through there at will but now it has a serious contender to the throne,” he said.

The joint US carrier drills are clearly a signal to both China and US allies that the US remains fully capable and committed to its powerful naval presence in the Pacific. It is also a clear message that despite the PLAN’s pretensions with its new limited capability, medium carriers – for now – only the US can operate multiple super carrier strike groups in coordinated fashion.

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Paul Crespo
Paul Crespo
Paul Crespo is a defense and national security expert. He served as a Marine Corps officer and as a military attaché with the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) at US embassies worldwide. He holds degrees from Georgetown, London, and Cambridge Universities. Paul is also CEO of SPECTRE Global Risk, a security advisory firm, and a Contributor to American Defense News.

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