1.) The Great Wall of China

  • 12/28/2018 12:00 AM
  • Source: AAN
  • by: AAN Staff
Over the course of several dynasties, fortifications – eventually made of stone and complete with watchtowers, barracks, and garrisons – were constructed along the historical borders of Northern China to deter invasions by nomadic tribes.

The entire wall stretches for more than 13,000 miles. However, it was not invulnerable.

Mongol leader Genghis Khan famously had his forces outflank Chinese defenses in 1211. After inflicting catastrophic military defeats upon the Chinese, Khan razed the capital of Yanjing (now known as Beijing) to the ground. 

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