Chancellorsville arguably marked the high tide of Confederate success in the Civil War.
The Union had far more men, horses, factories, railroads, and farmland than the South. However, most of the best officers in the prewar army hailed from the southern aristocracy, starting with Robert E. Lee.
The resulting conflict manifested into a pitched battle whose outcome remained in doubt for years.
Although some historians consider Lee’s “perfect battle” a pyrrhic victory, President Lincoln found himself stunned by the defeat.